Is it permissible for a women to travel without her mahram by plane, train etc? – Shaykh Saleh bin Muhammad al-Luhaydaan (حفظه الله).

Is it permissible for a women to travel without her mahram by plane, train etc? – Shaykh Saleh bin Muhammad al-Luhaydaan (حفظه الله).

Q.​The individual is asking, is it permissible for a women to travel without a mahram by plane, train etc?

A.​The shaykh said the Prophet (Sallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said (as reported in Sahih al-Bukhari & other than that).

It is not permitted for a female who believes in Allaah and the Last day to travel except with a mahram (male guardian).

When that statement was said by the Prophet (Sallaahu alayhi wa sallam) a man who was present stood and said yaa Rasoolillaah (‘O Messenger of Allaah), my wife has set upon a journey to perform hajj and I have been registered/ listed to fight in a particular war (jihaad). The Prophet (Sallahu alayhi wa sallam) said go and travel with your wife, so the individual went and travelled with his wife. So this was the order of the Prophet (Sallaahu alayhi wa sallam).

Notice what the Prophet (sallahu layhi wa sallam) said: it’s not permissible for a woman. He did not specify a young woman or a old woman, he said it’s not permissible for a woman. So this shows you any woman. Any and every woman. Whether she is old, whether she is young, whether people are attracted to her or not etc. Regardless of this it is still mandatory that she has a male guardian to travel with her.

Because of that the scholars say if a male guardian is not present for a woman then the hajj is not obligatory upon her. The hajj is not obligatory upon her. Allaah ta’baarak ta wa ta’aala says in the Qur’aan: verily it is mandatory for the people to migrate to the house, to make pilgrimage to the house. The scholars said if the woman does not have a mahram (male guardian) then she falls under the category that cannot perform the hajj.

Shaykh Saalih ibn Muhammad al-Luhaydaan (May Allaah preserve him) (Kitaab-ut-Tawheed Class 01.12.12) Riyadh.


The Menstruating Woman or the One in Her Post-Partum Period Touching the mus-haf – Shaykh Bin Baaz (Rahimahullaah)

The Menstruating Woman or the One in Her Post-Partum Period Touching the mus-haf – Shaykh Bin Baaz

Translated by Abu Abdullah Naasir Hussain حفظه الله


Is a woman that is menstruating or in her post-partum period allowed to touch the mus-haf or read from it? Also, is the menstruating woman allowed to enter the masjid in order to gain religious knowledge?

Shaykh Abdulazeez bin Abdullah bin Baaz (Rahimahullaah) replied:

The menstruating woman is not allowed to sit in the masjid nor touch the mus-haf until she has become purified. However, if a need for her to touch it arose, such as in order to revise a verse (of the Qur’an) or something like that, there is no problem to do so by wearing gloves or by using some other barrier.

As for touching it without some sort of barrier, then no, she should not do that. This is because her impurity is major, like the one who is impure due to sexual relations (junub). The one who is ‘junub’ does not read or touch the mus-haf. As for the menstruating woman, she may recite [the Qur’an] during the whole period. So can the one in her post-partum period, according to the correct Opinion. She can read from her memory without touching the mus-haf unless she has to in order to revise a verse in which case it is alright if she touches it using a barrier.

Women’s Deficiency in Deen and Reason – Ibn Baaz

We always hear the Hadith: Women are lacking in their capacity to reason and in deen i.e. religion. Some people even use it to offend women. Could you kindly explain the meaning of this Hadith?
Answer by Shaykh AbdulAzeez Ibn Baaz (رحمه الله) :

The Hadith reads: “I have not seen anyone more deficient in ability to reason and deen than you. A cautious sensible man can be led astray by some of you.” It was said: “O Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him)! What is the deficiency in our reasoning and deen?” He said: “Is not the testimony of two women equal to the witness of one man?” It was said: “What is deficient in her deen?” The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Is not it true that a woman can neither pray nor fast during her menses?”

The Prophet (ﷺ) explained that the deficiency in woman’s reasoning means their weak memory. Therefore, their testimony must be verified and supported by another woman to confirm their testimony, because they may forget and thus add or omit some of the testimony. Allah (He may be Praised) states: Surah Al-Baqarah, 2: 282 And get two witnesses out of your own men. And if there are not two men (available), then a man and two women, such as you agree for witnesses, so that if one of them (two women) errs, the other can remind her.

As for the deficiency of their deen, it means they abandon Salah and Sawm (fasting) during their menses and post-partum period. They are not commanded to repeat Salah (prayer). This is the meaning of their being lacking in deen. They will not be called to account for this shortcoming, because it is the will of Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) Who legislated this for their comfort. If they were to observe Sawm during their menses and post-partum period, it would be difficult for them. Therefore, Allah commands them to abandon Sawm during their menses and post-partum period, and make up for it later. As for Salah, there is something which prevents them from ceremonial purity. Therefore, it is out of the Mercy of Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) that He commands them to abandon Salah during their menses and post-partum period. However, they are commanded not to compensate for Salah because there is great hardship in this, as Salah is repeated five times a day and night, and menses may last for many days; seven, eight or more and post-partum may last for forty days.

So, it was of Allah’s Mercy and Benevolence not to hold them accountable for Salah or oblige them to make up for it.
This does not mean that the lack of their deficiency to reason and deen extends to every aspect of life. The Prophet (ﷺ) explained that the lack of their ability to reason is because of their weak memory when giving testimony, and the shortcoming in their worship is because they abandon Salah and Sawm during their menses and post-partum period. This does not mean that they are lower in rank than men in all things, or men are better than them in everything.

Generally speaking, males excel females for many reasons. Allah states: Surah Al-Nisa’, 4: 34 “Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, because Allâh has made one of them to excel the other, and because they spend (to support them) from their means.”
However, some women may excel men. There are many women whose reason is better than men, and are stronger in deen and memorization. The report of the Prophet (ﷺ) only indicates that the male gender is generally better in reasoning and deen than the female gender in the two aspects specified by the Prophet (ﷺ).

Women may perform more righteous deeds than men, their piety may be more than men, and thus their rank in the Hereafter may be better than the rank of men. They may focus on some matters and memorize them better than men. They exert effort in memorization and focus, so they established a reference in Islamic history as well as other things which are clear to those who consider the conditions of women during the time of the Prophet (ﷺ) and later. It is now evident that this deficiency does not mean that we cannot rely on her in narration or testimony, if she is supported by another woman. Anyway, this report does not prevent her from being of the best servants of Allah if they perform righteous deeds; although Sawm is overlooked during their menses and post-partum, and even if they are exempt from performing Salah. This does not mean that they are lower in everything. Men and women are equally required to observe the standards of piety, good actions, and careful performance of things in their charge. This specific lack of reason and deen is limited to what the Prophet (ﷺ) explained. So, a Muslim must not offend women by attributing deficiency to them in everything, but it is a flaw in their worship and weakness in reasoning with regard to accuracy of testimony. Thus, the Hadith of the Prophet (ﷺ) should be properly understood. Allah knows the best.


Beautiful Cursed Women

On the authority of ‘Abdullâh Ibn Mas’ûd – Allâh be pleased with him, who said:

May Allâh curse those women who tattoo or seek to be tattooed, those women who remove facial hair or seek it to be removed and those women who put gaps between their teeth for beautification; those who seek to change Allâh’s creation.

This reached a woman from Banî Asad who was called Umm Ya’qûb and who used to read the Qur`ân. She came to [Ibn Mas’ûd] and said, “What is this I hear from you, that you curse women who tattoo or seek to get tattooed, and those who remove facial hair and those who put gaps between their teeth for beauty, those who change Allâh’s creation?” ‘Abdullâh [Ibn Mas’ûd] replied, “And why should I not curse those whom Allâh’s Messenger has cursed and those who are mentioned in Allâh’s Book?” She said, “I have read [the Qur`ân] from cover to cover and I have not seen it mentioned.” He replied, “If you had really read it [carefully] you would have found it; Allâh the Mighty and Sublime said:

And whatever the Messenger gives you, take it; and whatever he forbids you, shun it. [Al-Hashr (59):7]

The woman then said, “Well I have just seen some of this on your own wife.” He said, “Go and see her.” So she went to the wife of ‘Abdullâh but didn’t see anything. She returned to him and said, “I don’t see anything.” He said, “Well, if any of those practices had been done I would not be with her any more.”

Al-Bukhârî and Muslim. This translation is from the version in Muslim.

Points to note:

• The teachings of Allâh’s Messenger have the same legal weight as teachings in the Qur`ân because the Qur`ân commands us to take everything the Messenger teaches us, even if it is not specifically mentioned in the Qur`ân. This refutes the claim of heretics who say we only need to follow the Qur`ân.
• It can even be said that a ruling given by Allâh’s Messenger is in the Qur`ân based on the verse quoted.
• Tattooing, removal of facial hair – including the plucking of eyebrows – and making gaps between the teeth for beautification are strictly forbidden in Islâm and are regarded as major sins. In another narration, hair extensions have also been mentioned.
• Exceptions have been made by scholars in cases where a woman suffers a condition that causes her to grow a full beard, or where filing of teeth and widening spaces are needed for medical reasons.
• Being cursed (al-la’nah) means to be removed from Allâh’s mercy; this goes to prove that these practices are major sins.
• People should ask Allâh to curse those whom Allâh’s Messenger has asked to be cursed.
• Women can ask male scholars about matters of religion and can converse with them for the purpose of understanding knowledge and legal rulings.
• Wives who remain disobedient to Allâh should be divorced.
• A person who helps another to sin is regarded as a participant in that sin.

These points have been summarized from Ibn Hajr, Fath Al-Bârî and Al-Nawawî, Sharh Sahîh Muslim.

Women are ‘awrah – Explained

‘Abdullâh b. Mas’ûd – Allâh be pleased with him – said:

Women are but an ‘awrah(something private to be covered). A woman might leave her house without there being any problem with her, but the Shaytân seeks her out and says [to her], “You will not pass by anyone except that you will impress/please him.” A woman puts on her clothes and is asked where she is going, to which she replies, “To visit a sick person,” or “to attend a funeral”, or “to pray in the masjid”; but a woman never worships Allâh in the way she does when she worships Him in her house.

Al-Tabarânî. Graded sahîh by Shaykh Al-Albânî in Sahîh Al-Targhîbi wa Al-Tarhîb Vol. 1 p84.