10 Signs You Have No Al-Walaa Wal-Baraa, By Sh. Saalih Al-Fawzaan حفظه الله 

10 Signs You Have No Al-Walaa Wal-Baraa, By Sh. Saalih Al-Fawzaan حفظه الله 

1) Imitating them in dress and lingo

2) Residing in their lands and not moving from their lands to the lands of the Muslims to save one’s Deen (i.e, hijrah).

3) Travelling to the lands of the kuffaar for tourism and vacation.

4) Helping them, giving them victory over the Muslims, speaking well of them and defending their honour.

5) Seeking their aid, trusting them, putting them in positions to know the secrets of the Muslims and making them advisors.
6) Using their calendar instead of the Islaamic calendar and, more importantly, observing the holidays on their calendar, like Christmas etc.

7) Observing their holidays or helping them to make that celebration or congratulating them for their holidays or just being present at their celebrations.

8) Speaking well of them through what they have of material wealth and being satisfied with their behaviour without looking at their deen which is a false deen.

9) Using their names.

10) Supplicating for them and being compassionate to them.

[Taken from  الإرشاد إلى صحيح الإعتقاد و رد اهل الشرك و الالحاد من باب: مظاهر مولاة الكفار ص ٣١٦

Al-Irshaad chapter of Manifestation of Loyalty to the Disbelievers page 316.]

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The Difference between Obligatory Knowledge and Recommended Knowledge – Shaykh Muhammad Baazmool

The Difference between Obligatory Knowledge and Recommended Knowledge – Shaykh Muhammad Baazmool

AUTHOR: Shaikh Muhammad bin ‘Umar Baazmool

SOURCE: At-Ta’seel fee Talab-il-‘Ilm” (pg. 10-14)

PRODUCED BY: Al-Ibaanah.com

The First Foundation:

Seeking knowledge – which a Muslim needs in order to establish what is binding on him from worship of his Lord – is an obligation that is compulsory on him. As for what exceeds those limits, then acquiring knowledge of that falls under the collective obligations (fard kifaayah), and it is something recommended and extra for the student of knowledge.

The proof for this foundation is what has been reported from the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) that he said: “Seeking knowledge is an obligation upon every Muslim.”

Another proof is the fact that this Religion is founded upon two basic principles, which are:

1. We don’t worship anyone except Allaah, and

2. We don’t perform worship except with what Allaah has legislated.

You cannot truly implement the worship of Allaah unless you first seek the necessary knowledge required for you to properly put into effect this worship that Allaah has made obligatory on you, and for which purpose He created you.

Elucidating this point further, Ishaaq bin Raahawaih said: “Seeking knowledge is obligatory, even though the report concerning it is not authentic. However, what it means is that the seeker of knowledge is required to acquire from it what he needs such as for (properly implementing) his ablution, his prayer, his Zakaat – if he has wealth, his Hajj and so on.”

He also said: “So whatever he is obligated to learn from that, then he need not ask the permission of his parents to go out and learn that. But as for what is in excess of that, he should not go out to acquire (knowledge of) that until he first gets permission to do that from his parents.” [1]

Ibn Taimiyyah, may Allaah have mercy on him, said: “Seeking religious knowledge is a collective obligation (fard kifaayah) except for that which is individually incumbent, such as every person seeking knowledge of what Allaah has ordered him to do and what Allaah has prohibited him to do, since this is an individual obligation.” [2]

This is one of the most important foundations, by which, the followers of Hadeeth are distinguished from those apart from them. It is due to this that the followers of innovation accuse the followers of Hadeeth by claiming that the highest objective of their speech is with regard to issues of purification, prayer and their likes!!

But in reality, this is not blameworthy, since it is with (knowledge) purification that you will have achieved the key to prayer.

The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “The key to prayer is purification. Its tahreem (commencement) is the takbeer (i.e. saying Allaahu Akbar) and its Tahleel (ending) is the tasleem (i.e. saying As-Salaam ‘Alaikum).” [3]

He (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) also said: “Islaam is built upon five (pillars): (1) The testimony that there is no deity that has the right to be worshipped except Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah; (2) Establishing the prayer; (3) Paying the Zakaat; (4) Fasting in Ramadaan; and (5) the Pilgrimage (Hajj) to the Sacred House of Allaah for whoever is able to do it.” [4]

It is for this reason that the first thing a student of knowledge is advised to do is to strive to obtain the knowledge that is binding upon him first. This is why when Imaam Maalik was asked about seeking knowledge, he said: “All of it is good. However, look into what you need for (the transactions of) your day and night, and then seek (knowledge of) that.”

This is since you will not truly actualize the worship of Allaah until you first obtain knowledge of what Allaah has legislated for you in those matters (of worship). So once you obtain that knowledge, you will be aware of how to perform wudoo, how to pray, how to perform ghusl, how to give Zakaat – if you have wealth, how to perform the Pilgrimage (Hajj) – if you intend to perform it, the rules of marriage – if you intend to marry someone, the rules of divorce – if you intend to divorce someone, and so on.

This foundation consists of the following things:

1. The ruling of an obligation. This relates to a Muslim that is responsible for his actions. If he is young (i.e. under the age of puberty), then it is upon his parents to teach him the affairs of his Religion that he is in need of. This is since the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “All of you are shepherds and all of you are responsible as to his flock.” [5]

And Allaah says: “O you who believe! Save yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel is men and stones, over which are angels that are stern and severe – they do not disobey what Allaah has ordered them to do, and carry out what they are commanded.” [Surah At-Tahreem: 6]

Therefore, it is binding upon the Muslim father and the Muslim mother to teach their children what they are required to know from the matters of the Religion and from manners.

2. The student of knowledge must give precedence to acquiring knowledge of what is obligatory upon him to know over what is recommended for him to know. Preoccupying oneself with learning the recommended forms of knowledge whilst neglecting the obligatory forms of knowledge is one of the obstacles and impediments of seeking knowledge.

So, for example, you may find a person speaking about the intricate issues of the Language, on Grammar, Terminology, the Science of Eloquence and Principles, yet he is not able to properly perform ablution in the same manner as that of the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), nor is he able to perform the prayer properly like the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) used to pray…and so on and so forth!!

3. A seeker of knowledge should not oppose his parents by traveling abroad in search of knowledge that in his case is considered to be recommended. But in the case where that knowledge that he intends to travel abroad for is from the forms of knowledge that is binding upon him to know in order to worship Allaah during the night and day, then he may go ahead and travel, as was advised by Imaam Ishaaq in his previously mentioned statement: “So whatever he is obligated to learn from that, then he need not ask the permission of his parents to go out and learn that. But as for what is in excess of that, he should not go out to acquire (knowledge of) that until he first gets permission to do that from his parents.”

4. The supportive sciences, or what some scholars commonly call “The applied sciences”, such as the Arabic Language, the Science of Eloquence, the Science of Principles, Hadeeth Terminology, and the Sciences of the Qur’aan – a student of knowledge should acquire from these that which will enable him to actualize the primary objective, which is to properly worship Allaah – the reason for which we were created. And if this is not the case, then it falls under the realm of being from the extravagant forms of knowledge, and Allaah knows best.

So it is not required from a student of knowledge studying Grammar that he becomes like Seebawaih, nor from one studying the Arabic Language that he becomes like Al-Khaleel and Al-Azharee, nor from one studying the Science of Eloquence that he becomes like Al-Jirjaanee!! Rather, it is sufficient for him to only learn from all of that what he needs to properly understand the Book and the Sunnah and to implement what Allaah has obligated upon him from worship.

Footnotes:

[1] Jaami’ Bayaan al-‘Ilmi wa Fadlihi (1/9)

[2] Majmoo’-ul-Fataawaa (28/80)

[3] This is from the narration of ‘Alee (radyAllaahu ‘anhu). It was reported by Abu Dawood in his Sunan: Book of Purification: Chapter: The Obligation of Ablution (no. 61); At-Tirmidhee in his Sunan: Book of Purification: Chapter: What has been reported about the Key to Prayer being the Purification (no. 3); and Ibn Maajah in his Sunan: Book of Purification: Chapter: The Key to Prayer is the Purification (no. 27)

[4] This is from the narration of ‘Umar (radyAllaahu ‘anhu). It was reported by Al-Bukhaaree in his Saheeh: Book of Faith: Chapter: Islaam was built upon five things (no. 8); Muslim in his Saheeh: Book of Faith: Chapter: A Clarification of the Pillars of Islaam and its Great Foundations (no. 16)

[5] This hadeeth was reported by Al-Bukhaaree in several places in his Saheeh, such as the Book of Friday Prayer (no. 893), the Book of Leadership (no. 1829)

Published: April 2, 2006

Read the full eBook:

Laying the Foundations for Seeking Knowledge: Shaikh Muhammad Baazmool

The Salaf And Their Position Towards The People of Innovation And Desires – Imaam al-Laalikaa’ee (رحمه الله)

The Salaf And Their Position Towards The People of Innovation And Desires – Imaam al-Laalikaa’ee (رحمه الله)

The Salaf And Their Position Towards The People of Innovation And Desires – Imaam al-Laalikaa’ee (d.418 H)

Source: Sharh Usool ul-I’tiqaad (Eng. Trans. by Dawud Burbank)

Click the below link to read or download PDF

The Salaf And Their Position Towards The People of Innovation And Desires – Imaam al-Laalikaaaa – Dawud Burbank (RahimahumuLlaah) [PDF]

The Consequences of Bida & Extremism in the Religion – Shaykh al Albaani (رحمه الله)

The Consequences of Bida & Extremism in the Religion – Shaykh al Albaani (رحمه الله)

Taken from ‘Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah’ By the Muhaddith, Shaykh, Allamaa’ Muhammad Nasir uddeen al-Albaani (رحمه الله)

Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

2005 – ‘Indeed there people who read the Qur’aan, but it does not go pass their throats, they leave Islaam just like the arrow leaves the prey.’

Collected by ad-Darmi

From ‘Amroo bin Salamah: We were sitting by the door of Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood before lunch, so that if he came out, we could walk with him to the Masjid.

Abu Moosaa al-Ash’aree came and said: Has Abu Abdur-Rahmaan come out yet?

We said: No.

So, he sat down with us, waiting for him to come out, and when he came out, we all gathered towards him, and Abu Moosaa said:

‘O Abu Abdur-Rahmaan! Previously I saw something in the Masjid which I disliked. But, Alhamdulillaah, what I saw, was nothing but good.’

He said: What was it?

Abu Moosaa said, ‘If you live, you will see it.’

Then Abu Moosaa said, ‘I saw a group of people, sitting in circles waiting for the prayer. In every circle there was a man and in their hands were small stones and he would say: ‘Say Allaahu Akbar 100 times’ and they would say ‘Allaahu Akbar’ 100 times. Then, he would say, ‘Say laa ilaha ilAllaah 100 times’ and they would say ‘laa ilaha ilAllaah’ 100 times and he would say, ‘Say SubhaanAllaah’ 100 times and they would say ‘SubhaanAllaah’ 100 times.’

Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood said, ‘So what did you say to them?’

He said: ‘I did not say anything to them, rather I waited for your opinion [or ‘I waited for your command’].’

He said: ‘Why did you not command them to count their bad deeds [i.e. seek forgiveness from your deeds] and guarantee them that their good deeds would not be lost?!’

Then he walked and we walked with him until he reached one of those circles and he stood there and said, ‘What is this that I see you doing?’

They said: ‘O Abu Abdur-Rahmaan! These are nothing but small stones with which we are counting, saying ‘Allaahu Akbar, laa ilaaha illAllaah and SubhaanAllaah.’

He said, ‘Count your sins; I guarantee that you will not lose anything of your good deeds! Beware, O Ummah of Muhammad! How quick you are to your destruction!

Here we are, the Companions of your Prophet – abundant, everywhere and here is his clothing which has not been [wasted away] and his utensils have not been broken. I swear by Him in Whose Hand is my soul, either you are an Ummah more rightly-guided than the Ummah of Muhammad or you are opening the door of misguidance.’

They said; ‘We swear by Allaah, O Abu Abdur-Rahmaan, we did not intend anything but good.’

He said: ‘How many people intend good but never achieve it. Verily the Messenger of Allaah – narrated to us, ‘Indeed there will be a people who read the Qur’aan but it does not pass beyond their throats.’ I swear by Allaah, I do not know. Perhaps most of them are from amongst you.’

Then he went away.

‘Amroo bin Salamah said, ‘We saw some of those sitting in those circles fighting on the Day of Nahrawaan, along with the Khawaarij.’[1]

Shaykh al-Albaani (رحمه الله) mentions in the Takreej (research) of the above narration:

‘Indeed there is a lesson to be learnt from this narration, for those who follow Sufipaths and Dhikr gatherings which are against the Sunnah. When someone forbids an evil action that they perform they accuse him of forbidding Dhikr from its very foundation!

This is Kufr which no Muslim in this world should fall into; the evil action which they adhere to, from those forms of Dhikr and gatherings which, were not legislated at the time of the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), otherwise why would Ibn Masood (Radi Allaahu anhu) disapprove of those who were sitting in their gatherings?

Is it not, a gathering done on a specific day, and doing an amount of Dhikr which is not indicated by the Sharia’ but is listed by the Shaykh of the gathering, and he commands them with the amount of Dhikr that they should do from himself, as if he is a legislator on behalf of Allaah Ta’ala!

<< Or do they have partners with Allaah, who have instituted for them a religion which Allaah has not allowed. >>[2]

To add to this, the Sunnah which is established by the Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) verbally and practically is to perform the Tasbeeh (remembrance of Allaah) on your fingertips, as it is clear in ‘The refutation against al-Habshee’ and in other places.

From the benefits which can be reaped from the hadeeth and this story is; that the importance is not of performing a large amount of worship, but rather, is it according to the Sunnah and far away from Bida’.

Ibn Masood (Radi Allaahu anhu) also indicated to this point in his saying: ‘sticking to the Sunnah is better than striving in Bida’.’

And another benefit is: that a small Bida’ leads to a greater Bida’. Do you not see that those people from these gatherings afterwards became from the Khawaarij who were killed by the rightly guided Khalifah ‘Alee bin Abu Taalib? So is there anyone who will take heed?!’

[Taken from Silsilah Ahadeeth as-Saheehah by Shaykh al-Albaani (vol 5/2005)]

The Excellence of Supplicating in one’s Absence.

The Excellence of Supplicating in one’s Absence.

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen

Chapter 251

The Excellence of Supplicating in one’s Absence.

Allah, the Exalted, says:

“And those who came after them say: `Our Rubb! Forgive us and our brethren who have preceded us in Faith.”’ (59:10)

“And ask forgiveness for your sin, and also for (the sin of) believing men and believing women”. (47:19)

“Our Rubb! Forgive me and my parents, and (all) the believers on the Day when the reckoning will be established.” (14: 41)

1494. Abud-Darda’ (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, “Whenever a Muslim supplicates for his (Muslim) brother in his absence, the angels say: `May the same be for you too‘.”

[Muslim].

1495. Abud-Darda’ (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The supplication of a Muslim for his (Muslim) brother in his absence will certainly be answered. Everytime he makes a supplication for good for his brother, the angel appointed for this particular task says: `A meen! May it be for you, too‘.”

[Muslim].

Exposing Someone’s Evil and Propagating it under the Pretense of Advising – Imam Ibn Rajab

Exposing Someone’s Evil and Propagating it under the Pretense of Advising – Imam Ibn Rajab

by AbdurRahman.org

From the apparent signs of condemning is: Exposing someone’s evil and propagating it under the pretense of advising, while claiming that it is only these defects that are making him do it, general or specific. Meanwhile, on the inside, his aim is only to condemn and cause harm.[33]

So he is from the brothers of the hypocrites, those whom Allaah has disparaged in His Book in many places, for indeed Allaah disparages those who outwardly display a good action or saying, while intending inwardly to accomplish a mischievous and evil goal. And He has counted that as one of the aspects of hypocrisy, as is stated in Surah Baraa,[34] in which He humiliates the hypocrites and exposes their despicable attributes:

“And as for those who set up a masjid in order to cause harm, (spread) disbelief, disunite the believers and to make it as an outpost for those who made war against Allaah and His Messenger since aforetime, they will indeed swear that their intention is nothing but good. But Allaah bears witness that they are certainly liars.” [Surah At-Tawbah: 107]

And Allaah says:

“Think not that those who rejoice in what they have done, and love to be praised for what they have not done – do not think that they are rescued from the torment. And for them is a painful punishment!” [Surah Aali ‘Imraan: 188]

This ayah was sent down concerning the Jews, when the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم asked them about something and they concealed knowledge of it informing him instead of something else. Yet they showed to him that they had indeed informed him about what he had asked them. And they sought praise from him صلى الله عليه وسلم because of it and became joyous at what they gained by concealing it and because he صلى الله عليه وسلم asked them. This is what Ibn ‘Abbaas (radhi Allaahu anhu) stated and his hadeeth concerning that is transmitted in the two Saheeh collections. [35]

Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudree (radhi Allaahu anhu) said:

“There was a group of men among the hypocrites who when the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم would go out to fight in the (military) expeditions, would refrain from going with him. And they would be happy with opposing the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم with their sitting (instead of fighting). So when Allaah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم would arrive, they would make excuses for themselves and swear to him. And they loved to be praised for that which they did not do. So this ayah was revealed.” [36]

Therefore, these characteristics are the characteristics of the Jews and the hypocrites. And it is that someone outwardly displays a saying or an action, while presenting an image in which he appears to be upon good. Yet his intention in doing that is to accomplish an evil goal. So he is praised for what good he has made manifest outwardly, while accomplishing by it, the evil goal he has kept hidden inwardly. And he basks in the praise he receives for that which he has outwardly portrayed as being good, which is in fact evil on the inside, and he is happy that his evil hidden objective has been achieved. So his benefit is perfected for him and his scheme is carried out effectively by this deception!!

Anyone with this characteristic definitely falls under the (threat) of this ayah – thus he is threatened with a painful torment. An example of this is:

When someone desires to defame a man, belittle him and expose his faults so that people turn away from him. This is done either because he loves to cause harm to him, because of his enmity towards him, or because he fears him due to a rivalry that exists between them with regard to wealth, leadership, or other blameworthy causes. So he does not find a way towards accomplishing his goal, except by publicly degrading him due to some religious reason.

For example, someone (i.e. a scholar) has refuted a weak opinion from the many opinions of a well-known and famous scholar. So this (evil) individual spreads that amongst those who respect that scholar, saying: “This person (that did the refutation) hates this scholar, and is only defaming and criticizing him.” So by doing this, he (the evil person) deceives all those people that hold that scholar in esteem, making them believe that such a refutation was done out of hatred and with insult on the part of the one refuting, and that his deed was full of audacity and arrogance. So he (the evil person) is (outwardly) defending this scholar and uplifting the abuse from him – and that is an act pleasing to Allaah and in obedience to Him. So he combines this outer facade of advising with two disgusting and forbidden things: [37]

First: The insinuation that this scholar’s refutation of the other opinion was done out of hatred, seeking to belittle (the other scholar), and as a result of following his desires. But (in reality) he only desires by it to advise the believers and to make known some aspect of knowledge that is unlawful to keep concealed.

Second: He (the evildoer) manifests and magnifies the (scholar’s) criticism (for the other scholar), so that he can fulfill his desire and achieve his evil goal under the pretense of advising and defending the scholars of the Religion.

This type of evil plotting is similar to the injustice and oppression displayed by the tribe of Marwaan and their followers, who won the people’s affection and at the same time, turned these people’s hearts away from ‘Alee bin Abee Taalib, Al-Hasan, Al-Husayn and their offspring, may Allaah be pleased with all of them.

When ‘Uthmaan (radhi Allaahu anhu) was killed, the Muslim nation did not see anyone possessing more right to succeed him other than ‘Alee (radhi Allaahu anhu), so they pledged allegiance to him. So those who sought to turn the people away from him set about their goal by manifesting the outrageous and scandalous murder of ‘Uthmaan. And it was just as they said it was.

But then they added to it that the one who conspired his murder and carried it out was none other than ‘Alee (radhi Allaahu anhu). And this was a lie and a slander against him! And ‘Alee (radhi Allaahu anhu) would swear and reaffirm his oaths in denying this accusation – and he was truthful and innocent in his oath, may Allaah be pleased with him. But they began to fight against him, claiming that their struggle was for the sake of the Religion and that it was pleasing to Allaah, and then they began to fight with his children. These individuals strove hard in publicizing this (lie), propagating it on the mimbars on the days of Jumu’ah, as well as on other occasions in which there were large gatherings. This continued until it settled into the hearts of their followers that the matter was as these individuals said it was, and that the tribe of Marwaan had more right (to the Khilaafah) than ‘Alee and his children due to their closeness to ‘Uthmaan, and that they had more right to avenge his (‘Uthmaan radhi Allaahu anhu) death. So in doing this, they were able to unite the hearts of the people against ‘Alee and his sons and to turn the people to fight against him and his children after him. This asserted the kingship for them and their rule became established as a result of that.

While in privacy, one of them would say to those he confided in, something with the meaning: “No one amongst the Companions was more restrained from (causing harm to) ‘Uthmaan than ‘Alee.” So it would be said to him: “Then why did the people revile him?” So he would respond: “The kingship (i.e. end of the Khilaafah) would not be established if it weren’t for that.”

The meaning of this is that if they did not turn the people’s hearts away from ‘Alee (radhi Allaahu anhu) and his children, and if they didn’t attribute the injustice done to ‘Uthmaan to them, the hearts of the people would not feel sympathy for them (later), due to what they knew of their beautiful attributes and honorable qualities, for they used to rush to follow them and pledge allegiance to them (in the past). And because of this, the Umayyah dynasty came to an end and the people ceased obeying them. [38]

Footnotes:

[33] This is from the actions of the heart which no one has knowledge of except Allaah, the Most Perfect.

[34] [Translator’s Note: He means Surah At-Tawbah]

[35]Reported by Al-Bukhaaree (9/301), Muslim (17/123), Ahmad (1/298) and Ibn Jareer (4/207).

[36] Reported by Al-Bukhaaree (8/233), Muslim (17/123) and Ibn Jareer (4/205). It must be noted here that Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr mentioned in Al-Fath (9/301) that it is possible to combine these two causes for the ayah’s revelation found in the two hadeeths by saying that it was revealed with regard to both of these groups (Jews and hypocrites). Shaikh Muqbil bin Haadee Al-Waadi’ee said in his As-Saheeh-ulMusnad (pg. 35): “If the hadeeth of Abu Sa’eed is more established then that takes more precedence because the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas is from that which the two Shaikhs have been criticized by, as has been stated in Muqaddimat-ul-Fath (20/132) and as is stated in Fath-ul-Baaree (9/302). And there is no point in restricting it to only the People of the Book…”

[37][Translator’s Note: We ask the noble readers to consider these precious words stated by the author and compare them with the likes of the situations we find today. No doubt the scholars of the Sunnah in these days are accused in such a manner. Such an example can be found in Imaam Muhammad Naasirud-Deen Al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah) and the lies and attacks that were launched against him by Hasan Saqqaf, Kabbani and their likes, who make themselves appear as though they’re advising the Muslim ummah. But yet in reality they are doing no more than discrediting, defaming and belittling a scholar. And the claims that come from them are well known in that these scholars, such as Al-Albaanee, who warn against “blind-following” are labeled as deviants who hate the four Imaams and who want to do away with their teachings! May Allaah give us the ability to see through the false accusations of the ignorant and the unjust.]

[38] See Al-‘Awaasim min-al-Qawaasim of the Qaadee Ibn Al-‘Arabee al-Maalikee (rahimahullaah) for in there is what is sufficient for one who seeks the truth about this subject, Allaah willing.

Source: From the al-ibaanah eBook: The Difference between Advising and Condemning – Imaam Ibn Rajab

The Types of the Worship which Allaah has Commanded, and the Proof for Each Type – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

The Types of the Worship which Allaah has Commanded, and the Proof for Each Type – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

by AbdurRahman.org

Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab [1115-1206 H].

Explained by Shaikh Saalih ibn Saalih al-Fawzaan haafidhahullaah.

The above clip was extracted from Lesson 20.
Posted with the permission of Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah.

Transcript courtesy of ittibaa.com
Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank.

The Types of the Worship which Allaah has Commanded, and the Proof for Each Type.

قالَ ابنُ كثيرٍ رحمَهُ اللهُ تعالى: الخالقُ لهذهِ الأشياءِ هو المستحقُّ للعبادةِ. وأنواعُ العبادةِ التي أَمَرَ اللهُ بها: مثلُ الإسلامِ، والإيمانِ، والإحسانِ

Ibn Katheer rahimahullaah ta’aalaa said, “the creator of these things He is the One Who deserves worship.” And all the types of worship which Allaah has commanded such as Al-Islaam, and Al-Eemaan and Al-Ihsaan.10
The shaikh having explained that the Lord, He is the One Who deserves to be worshipped, and having used His saying He the Most High:

O mankind, single out your Lord with all worship, He Who created you and those who came before you so that you may be dutiful to Him, seeking to avoid His anger and His punishment. [2:22].
as a proof for this, then he used as evidence the speech of Ibn Katheer rahimahullaah in his explanation of the aayah, and he wanted to make clear the types of worship and the proofs for each type. So worship in the language it means: humbling oneself and submission. And from it is the saying, “tareequn mu‘abbad”, a well-trodden road, meaning trodden down through being walked frequently upon.

And worship and servitude is of two categories:

The first category is: servitude which is general to the whole of the creation. All of them are slaves of Allaah, the believer and the disbeliever, the evil-doer and the Hypocrite, all of them are slaves to Allaah, meaning that they are under His control and His overwhelming power, and that it is obligatory upon them to worship Him, He the Perfect and Most High. This servitude is general to the whole of the creation, their believers and their disbelievers, all of them are called slaves of Allaah, meaning that they are creatures created by Him in submission to Him, no-one from them can escape His grasp and His sovereignty, just as He the Most High said:

All those in the heavens and the earth will come to the Most Merciful on the Day of Resurrection as a slave. [19:93].

This covers everyone who is heavens and the earth, the believer and the disbeliever, all of them will come on the Day of Resurrection in submission to Allaah the Perfect and Most High. None of them has any share along with Allaah the Perfect and Most High in His sovereignty.

The second category is: worship and servitude particular to the believers just as He the Most High said:

And the servants of the Most Merciful are those who walk upon the earth in humility [25:63].
He the Most High said:

You have no authority over my servants [15:42].

Satan said:

Except for your chosen servants from them [15:40].

This is particular servitude, and it is the servitude of obedience and of drawing closer to Allaah by means of tawheed.

And worship in the legislation, the scholars have differed with regards to its definition, meaning they have differed with regard to the wordings which they use to define it, but the meaning is one. So from them were those who say, “Worship is the utmost humble submission, along with the utmost love”, as was said by Ibn-ul-Qayyim in An-Nooniyyah:

And worship of the Most Merciful One is to have the utmost love of Him,

Along with humble submission of his servant, they are the two pivots.

So therefore he defined it as being having the utmost love along with having the utmost humble submission.

And from them are those who say, “Worship is: that which is commanded in the revealed legislation, not on account of its being something conforming to custom nor something necessitated by the intellect”.
Because worship is tawqeefiyyah (can only be affirmed with texts), it is not established through the intellect nor through customs rather it is only established through the legislation, and this is a correct definition.

However the fully comprehensive and exclusive definition is that which Shaikh-ul-Islaam ibn Taymeeyah rahimahullaah defined it with in his saying:

“Worship is a comprehensive term covering everything which Allaah loves from sayings and actions, the outward and the inward”

This is the comprehensive exclusive definition, it is that worship is a noun covering everything which Allaah has commanded, so doing whatever Allaah has commanded in obedience to Allaah, and leaving whatever Allaah has forbidden in obedience to Allaah, this is worship, and its types cannot be enumerated, its types are many, everything which Allaah has commanded is worship, and everything that Allaah has forbidden, then leaving that thing is worship, whether it is something outward on the limbs or something inward in the hearts it is worship, because worship can be upon the tongue and it can be within the heart and it can be upon the limbs.

It can be upon the tongue such as saying, “Subhaan Allaah”, and remembrance of Allaah and saying, “Laa ilaaha ill Allaah”, and stating the two declarations of faith, all the legislated statements of the tongue from the remembrance of Allaah are worship.

And likewise, everything which is within the heart, from that which draws a person closer to Allaah the Mighty and Majestic, then it is worship, such as al-khawf (fear) and ar-rajaa (hope) and al-khashyah (awe) and ar-raghbah (fervent desire) and ar-rahbah (dread) and at-tawakkul (trust and reliance) and al-inaabah (turning repentantly) and al-isti‘aanah (seeking aid) all of these are actions of the heart. Turning for refuge to Allaah with the heart, and having khashyah (awe) of Allaah and fearing Him and having fervent desire for him and having hubb (love) of Him, He the Perfect and making one’s actions purely and sincerely for Him and having intention which is true and sincere for Allaah the Mighty and Majestic, everything within the hearts from these types is worship.

And likewise worship can be upon the limbs such as the rukoo‘ (bowing in the prayer) and the sujood (prostration) and jihaad in Allaah’s cause and striving jihaad with one’s person and al-hijrah (migration), all of these are acts of worship of the body and fasting is an act of worship of the body, it is apparent on the limbs.

So therefore worship can be upon the tongue, and in the heart and upon the limbs. Then worship is divided into acts of worship performed bodily (badaniyyah) and acts of worship performed through the giving of wealth (maaliyyah).

So bodily acts of worship, they are the three types which we have said, they can be upon the tongue and upon the limbs and in the heart.

And it can be acts of worship performed through the giving of wealth, such as giving the zakaat, and such as spending in Allaah’s cause and it is spending in jihaad. Allaah the Most High said:

That they strive in Allaah’s cause with their wealth and their persons [9:20].

He gave precedence to the wealth before the persons, so jihaad by means of wealth is an act of worship involving the giving of wealth. And Hajj (the pilgrimage) is composed of an act of worship involving the body and an act of worship involving giving of wealth. So carrying out the rites: the tawaaf and the sa‘ee and the ramy-ul-jimaar (the casting pebbles) and standing in ‘Arafah and spending the night in Muzdalifah, these are acts of worship involving the body. And as for the spending (on your Hajj), then it is an act of worship involving giving wealth, because Hajj requires spending.

Question: What is Suroorism and what are its clear signs. Is it real or just part of one’s imagination?

This is Suroorism so Beware of it! – Shaykh Muqbil bin Haadee

AUTHOR: Imaam Muqbil bin Haadee Al-Waadi’ee

SOURCE: His book Tuhfat-ul-Mujeeb ‘alaa As’ilat-il-Haadir wal-Ghareeb (pg. 179-185).

PRODUCED BY: Al-Ibaanah.com

Question: What is Suroorism and what are its clear signs. Is it real or just part of one’s imagination?

Answer: All praise is due to Allaah, Lord of the worlds and may the peace and blessings of Allaah be on our Prophet, Muhammad, his family and Companions. I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah – alone and with no partner. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and messenger. To proceed:

Suroorism is an ascription to the brother Muhammad Suroor Zayn-ul-‘Aabideen. He used to be in Kuwait where he came out with some good books in which he clarified the beliefs of the Shee’ah, as well as other good books. Then he moved to Germany and then to England where he eventually settled. There, he produced the Magazine entitled “Al-Bayaan” and we were extremely pleased with it. Then he produced another magazine called “As-Sunnah” and likewise we were extremely pleased with it. And we said: “This is the answer to what we have been waiting for.” And some of our brothers praised the magazine “Al-Bayaan” and even we praised it in the past, saying: “There cannot be found anything equal to it.” However the condition of the Hizbees is that in the beginning they call to the Qur’aan and the Sunnah until the people’s hearts grow attached to them and their strength increases. Then when they come to know that criticism against them will have no effect on them, they manifest what they are truly upon.

The magazine “As-Sunnah”, of which it is more proper that it be called “Al-Bid’ah” calls people away from the scholars and it accuses them of being inactive, paid by the government and not having an understanding of current affairs.

But all praise be to Allaah, the reality of the Surooris came out in the open during the Gulf Crisis. This was from the Grace of Allaah, ‘azza wa jall. I remember reading at that time some words (in their magazine) in which there was an attack against Shaikh Al-Albaanee for having produced a tape called: “An Encounter with a Suroori.” Then a few pages later they praised Shaikh Ibn Baaz. So I realized the significance of this praise – so that it won’t be said that: “They attack the scholars!”
Some days after the fatwa of Shaikh Ibn Baaz concerning the permissibility of making a treaty with the Jews was issued, they launched an attack against Shaikh Ibn Baaz. So it was in fact a well-devised scheme to chase the people away from the scholars! And the magazines “Al-Bayaan” and “As-Sunnah” gave the understanding that it was more proper to refer to those Salafees who understood the current affairs in Yemen concerning the affair of the Yemeni Crisis.

So I say: O you masaakeen [1]…who is it that is unaware of the condition of the Muslims? Rather, all of the matter lies in fixing this current situation we find ourselves in.

So what has befallen the Muslims from losses, fear and suffering, then it is due to our sins. Allaah says:

“Allaah puts forth the example of a town (Makkah) that dwelt in security and well-being; it’s provision coming to it in abundance from every place, but it denied the Blessings of Allaah. So Allaah made them taste the extreme hunger (famine) and fear because of what they used to do.” [Surah An-Nahl: 112].

So if we have come to realize the sickness, then what is the cure? Allaah says: “Allaah has promised those among you who believe and do good deeds, that He will certainly grant them ascendancy (i.e. Khilaafah) in the land as he granted it to those before them, and that He will grant them the ability to practice the Religion, which He has chosen for them. And He will place in exchange of their fear a sense of security (provided), that they worship Me and do not ascribe any partners to Me.” [Surah An-Noor: 55].

So it is the sins that have brought humiliation upon the Muslims. And it is their dealing with interest, their allowing of fornication in many of the Islamic lands and their preferring and submitting to man-made laws brought by way of the enemies of Islaam, and how much more can we list…and the going out without Hijaab and indecent exposure, and their mixing of the sexes in the schools and the universities.
So the cure is in returning to the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah, and then by returning to the scholars. Allaah says:

“And when there came to them a matter concerning (public) security or fear, they announced it to the people. But if only they had referred it back to the Messenger or to those encharged with authority amongst them, those who have the ability to derive a proper conclusion from it would have understood it.”[Surah An-Nisaa: 83].

So it is an obligation on us to return to the scholars: “These are the parables that We send forth to the people, yet no one (truly) understands them except those with knowledge.” [Surah Al-‘Ankaboot: 43].

But what you see is a person memorizing three or four subjects and then he takes that around to the masaajid, charging and ramming (like a bull). Then his companions nickname him Shaikh-ul-Islaam! So is this knowledge? Rather, knowledge is sitting upon a mat with your needs tucked below you (hearing from a shaikh) – enduring with patience the hardships of hunger and bareness. Just look at the condition of the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger and what they went through.

And the people of knowledge, they are the ones who put each thing in it’s proper place, as was stated in the previous ayah. And Allaah says:

“Verily, in that is a reminder to those who possess knowledge.” [Surah Ar-Room: 22]
And Allaah says:

“Is the one who knows that what has been revealed to you from your Lord is the truth then like he who is blind? But it is only the men of understanding that pay heed.” [Surah Ar-Ra’ad: 19].

The affliction that the Muslims are being tested by is their being ignorant about their Religion. So anyone that memorizes some ayaat and ahaadeeth and then begins to talk about it, especially if he has some eloquence in speech, people say: “This is a Shaikh.”
All praise be to Allaah, the reality of the matter became clear, as it is said:

“If you hear the eloquent one speaking, do not give yourself into him. For this unnatural (way of speaking) is something artificial. Be pleased with taking knowledge and understanding, and His eloquent speech will come to an end without any fight.

And Allaah says when informing us of the story of Qaaroon:

“So he (Qaaroon) went forth before his people in his arrogance. Those who are desirous of the life of this world said: ‘Ah, would that we had the like of what Qaaroon has been given! Verily, he is the owner of a great fortune.’ But those who had been given knowledge said: ‘Woe to you! The reward of Allaah is better for those who believe and do righteous deeds, and this none shall attain except those who are patient. So We caused the earth to swallow him and his dwelling place. Then he had no group or party to help him against Allaah, nor was he one of those who could save themselves. And those who had desired to have been in his position the day before, began to say: ‘Know you not that it is Allaah who enlarges the provision or restricts it to whomsoever He pleases of His slaves. Had it not been that Allaah was gracious to us, He could have caused the earth to swallow us up (also)!’ Know you not that the disbelievers will never be successful?’” [Surah Al-Qasas: 79-82].

So it is an obligation on us to return to the people of knowledge and to learn, just as when Jibreel went to the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) to teach the Companions how to ask questions.
And I will never forget what ‘Abdul-Qaadir Ash-Shaybaanee, the small ignoramus, said: “We will send some of our brothers to Abee ‘Abdir-Rahmaan (i.e. Shaikh Muqbil) to get some gulps (of knowledge) in two months, and then we will send them to some of the centers to take over grounds from the Ikhwaan Al-Muslimeen.” So I said: “In two months it’s possible to produce callers to Allaah?”

So if it is the ignorant ones that are in charge of directing the Da’wah groups, then I give the tidings of the demise of such Da’wah groups. So we must gather with the scholars and take knowledge from them, as our scholars in the past did. Salmaan Al-Faarisee sat and sought knowledge with the first scholar he encountered until he died, and then a second and a third until he came upon the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and followed him. And this is how the companions of Mu’aadh (radiya’Allaahu anhum) were. Before he passed away, they said to him: “Who shall we go to (for knowledge after you)?” He said: “To ‘Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ood.”

And when one of the brothers demands one of the Hizbees to seek knowledge, he says: “Amongst you are those who want this world and amongst you are those who want the Hereafter.”[Surah Aali ‘Imraan: 152] And then he says: “Allaah said this ayah with regard to the Companions” – meaning, they acknowledge that they have no patience in seeking knowledge and in suffering hunger. They prefer to live close to people in buildings and cars and in the worldly life.
Then we hear them say: “You attack the different organizations.” So who told you that we attack the organizations? Yes, we attack some of the organizations that consist of partisanship, restricted Walaa (loyalty), thievery and misappropriation of money. These are the kinds of groups that we criticize and call the people away from.

So this is a Da’wah (call) that is based on lies and deceptions, but the reality will become manifest. For the Da’wah of ‘Alee Ibn Al-Fadl manifested itself and the reality of the Da’wah of the Mu’tazilah, the Shee’ah and Sufis manifested themselves. And the ones who will expose and make these realities manifest, by the Permission of Allaah, are Ahlus-Sunnah.

And all praise be to Allaah, Ahlus-Sunnah are the ones who always examine and rectify the Muslim ummah. The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “There will not cease to be a group from my ummah that is triumphant upon the truth. Those who abandon them will not be able to harm them until Allaah’s Command (i.e. Promise) comes to pass and they are upon that (condition).”

So Shaikh Rabee’ Ibn Haadee, may Allaah preserve him, in the lands of the Haramayn and Najd, is exposing the Hizbees and clarifying what beliefs they are upon. And likewise Shaikh Abul-Hasan in Ma’ribi[2] and Shaikh Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab in Hudaydah and Shaikh Muhammad Al-Imaam in Ma’bar and Shaikh Qaasim and the brother Muhammad As-Somalee in Jaami’-ul-Khair in San’aa.
So I advise the brothers, because many of them all praise be to Allaah are receptive, to return to the Qur’aan and the Sunnah and to call to them, and to not waste away their lives in glorifying Shaikh so and so. And if they were to abandon such sheikhs, they would say: “Beware of him, he is from Jamaa’at At-Takfeer” or “He is a government agent.” These are words of one who doesn’t fear Allaah.

Footnotes:
[1] Translator’s Note: This is the plural of the Arabic word miskeen, which means someone needy. In this context it refers to someone who is ignorant and lacking knowledge, thus being needy (of it).

[2] Translator’s Note: It is important to note that this article appeared in the first edition (printed in the year 2000) of the book “Tuhfat-ul-Mujeeb”. Since then, and after the passing away of Imaam Muqbil Al-Waadi’ee, the scholars have become aware of errors in creed and manhaj committed on the part of Abul-Hasan Al-Ma’ribee. So the likes of Shaikh Rabee’ Al-Madkhalee, Shaikh Ahmad An-Najmee and Shaikh ‘Ubayd Al-Jabiree refuted him and warned against him.

Source: http://salaf-us-saalih.com/2014/09/29/this-is-suroorism-so-beware-of-it-shaykh-muqbil-bin-haadee/

Hajj to Allaah’s Sacred House is an Obligatory Duty that is owed to Allaah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

Hajj to Allaah’s Sacred House is an Obligatory Duty that is owed to Allaah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

by AbdurRahman.org

Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab [1115-1206 H]

Explained by Shaikh Saalih ibn Saalih al-Fawzaan (haafidhahullaah)
And the proof for the Hajj is:

وَلِلَّهِ عَلَى النّاسِ حِجُّ البَيتِ مَنِ استَطاعَ إِلَيهِ سَبيلًا ۚ وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ عَنِ العالَمينَ

And Hajj to Allaah’s Sacred House is an obligatory duty that is owed to Allaah by those who have the ability to make their way there. And whoever rejects the obligation of the Hajj, then Allaah has no need of him or any of the creation. [3:97][41]

[41] The Jews claimed that they were Muslims and that they were upon the religion of Ibraaheem, so Allaah the Majestic and Most High tested them in this aayah, and He said:
And Hajj to Allaah’s Sacred House is an obligatory duty that is owed to Allaah by those who have the ability to make their way there. And whoever rejects the obligation of the Hajj, then Allaah has no need of him or any of the creation. [3:97]

Therefore, if you are Muslims, then perform the Hajj, because Allaah has made the Hajj to the Sacred House obligatory upon the Muslims, if you do not perform it, and you refuse to perform it, then this is a proof that you are not Muslims, and you are not upon the religious way of Ibraaheem:

وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ عَنِ العالَمينَ

And whoever rejects the obligation of the Hajj, then Allaah has no need of him or any of the creation. [3:97]

وَلِلَّهِ : Meaning: this is an obligation, a rite, and a binding duty which is due for Allaah, the Perfect and Most High from mankind.

حِجُّ : Its meaning in the language is al-qasd (to head towards an intended goal). And the word Hajj in the legislation is to head towards the honourable Ka`bah and the Sacred sites (of pilgrimage) at a particular time, and to carry out specific acts of worship and they are the rites of the Hajj.

حِجُّ البَيتِ: Meaning: the Ka`bah and whatever is round about it from the sites of pilgrimage which follow on from it.

مَنِ استَطاعَ إِلَيهِ سَبيلًا : This explains the condition being obligatory, and it is bodily and monetary capability; bodily capability such that he is able to work, ride, and move from his land to Makkah from whatever place he is in upon the earth. This is the bodily capability. It excludes the person who is permanently unable, such as a person with an illness which persists, the feeble old person, and such a one who does not have the bodily ability. But if he has monetary capability, then he should deputize someone to perform the Hajj on his behalf, the obligatory Hajj of Islaam.

As for monetary capability, then it is having the transport necessary to carry him, the riding animal, the plane, or the ship, each as is appropriate to the time; and that he has wealth which is sufficient for him to seek transport to convey him for the performance of the Hajj; and also, that he has provision and money for the journey, going and returning; and for his dependence, such that they will have sufficient funds until he returns to them. So, provision means that he has sufficient funds to suffice him upon his journey, and to suffice his dependents; his children, his parents, his wife, and everyone it is obligatory to spend upon; that he gives them that which will suffice them until he gets back to them, after securing guarantees for the payments of any debts which are upon him.

So this wealth is surplus, remaining after his debts have been dealt with. So, if this is available, then this will be his ability to make his way there, “provision and transport” [51] as occurs in the hadeeth of Ibn `Abbaas (radiyallaahu `anhumaa).

And whoever does not have the ability, meaning: he does not have the provision nor the transport, then the Hajj is not upon him, because he does not have the ability to do it. So the condition for the Hajj being obligatory is ability.

Since the people come to the Hajj from far away, from all the regions of the earth, and every distant place, and it requires spending, and involves some difficulty and toil, and it may bring about dangerous situations, then from the Mercy of Allaah is that He made it binding only once in a lifetime. And whatever is in addition to that is supererogatory. This is from the Mercy of Allaah the Perfect and Most High, that He did not make it obligatory upon the Muslim every year just as the Prophet (sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam) said:

«Allaah has made the Hajj obligatory upon you, so perform the Hajj.»

Al-Aqra ‘bin Haabis (radiyallaahu `anhu) said: Is it every year O Messenger of Allaah? So the Messenger (sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam) remained silent. Then he repeated the question, and the Prophet (sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam) remained silent. And then he repeated the question again, and the Prophet (sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam) said:

«If I were to say yes, it would become obligatory and you would not be able to do it. The Hajj is a single time, and whatever is in addition, then it supererogatory.»

And His saying, He the Most Perfect:

وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ عَنِ العالَمينَ

And whoever rejects the obligation of the Hajj, then Allaah has no need of him or any of the creation. [3:97]

It contains a proof that whoever refuses to perform the Hajj and he is able to, and he does not perform the Hajj, then he is a disbeliever, because Allaah said: «whoever rejects» meaning: whoever refuses to perform the Hajj when he is able to perform it, then he has committed kufr. [This kufr] may be kufr asghar (lesser kufr), but whoever abandons it whilst denying its obligation, then this is kufr akbar (major kufr) by consensus of the Muslims. As for a person who acknowledges its obligation, but abandons it out of laziness, then this is lesser kufr. However, if the person dies and he has wealth, then someone should perform the Hajj on his behalf using money which he has left behind, because it is the debt of Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, upon him. And this aayah shows the obligation of performing Hajj, it is a pillar from the pillars of Islaam. The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam) explained that it is a pillar from the pillars of Islaam in the hadeeth of Jibreel and in the hadeeth of Ibn `Umar.

The Hajj was made obligatory in the nine year [after the Hijrah] upon one saying, and the Prophet (sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam) did not perform the Hajj in that year, rather he performed the Hajj in the year after it, in the tenth year. Why is this? This is because, he (sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam):

sent `Alee to call out to the people in the pilgrimage: «No person of shirk may perform Hajj after this year, and no naked person may perform tawaaf around the House.»

So when the people of shirk and the naked people were prevented from the Hajj in the tenth year, the Prophet (sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam) performed the Hajj, the Farewell Hajj.

 

Footnotes:

[51] Reported by at-Tirmidhee (813), Ibn Maajah (2896) from a hadeeth of `Umar radiyallaahu `anhumaa, and reported by Ibn Maajah (2897) from a hadeeth of Ibn `Abbaas. [In Irwaa ul-Ghaleel, Shaykh al-Albaanee comments upon these ahaadeeth and a number of similar ahaadeeth, and judges all these narrations tracing back to the Prophet sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam) to be extremely weak and not authentic upon him sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam].

[52] Reported by Imaam Ahmad in his Musnad 4/151, Aboo Daawood (1721) and an-Nasaa`i 5/111 from a hadeeth of Ibn `Abbaas radiyallaahu `anhumaa. [Shaykh al-Albaanee declared this hadeeth as authentic].

[53] Reported by al-Bukhaaree (50) and Muslim (9,10) from a hadeeth of Aboo Hurayrah radiyallaahu `anh.

[54] Reported by al-Bukhaaree (8) and Muslim (16) from a hadeeth of Ibn `Umar radiyallaahu `anh.

[55] Reported by al-Bukhaaree (369) and Muslim (1347) from a hadeeth of Aboo Hurayrah radiyallaahu `anh.

Source: Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Posted with the permission of Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah & Courtesy of ittibaa.com
Reference: AbdurRahman.Org

The Meaning of the testification that ‘Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah’ – Shaykh Salih Fawzan | Dawud Burbank by AbdurRahman.org

The Meaning of the testification that ‘Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah’ – Shaykh Salih Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

by AbdurRahman.org

Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles

of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab [1115-1206 H]

Explained by Shaikh Saalih ibn Saalih al-Fawzaan (haafidhahullaah)
The meaning of the testification that ‘Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah’ is to obey him in whatever he commanded, to believe in the truth of whatever he informed of, and to avoid whatever he forbade and prohibited, and that Allaah is not to be worshipped except with that which He legislated.[38]
The testification that ‘Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah’ has a meaning and something which it necessitates; it is not just a mere saying to be said. So its meaning is that you acknowledge with your tongue and heart that he is the Messenger of Allaah. You say it with your tongue and you hold it as your creed and belief with your heart that he is Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam).

As for testifying it upon the tongue whilst denying it in the heart, then this is the way of the hypocrites just as Allaah informed us about them in His saying:

When the hypocrites come to you (O Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam), they say: ‘We bear witness that you are indeed the Messenger of Allaah.’ Allaah knows that you are certainly His Messenger and Allaah bears witness that the hypocrites are certainly liars. They take their oaths as a cover to shield themselves. [63:1-2]

They make their oaths, meaning their testimonies, a screen to conceal them. They block and prevent people from Allaah’s Path. So this shows that saying it upon the tongue is not sufficient.

Likewise believing in the heart whilst not saying it upon the tongue for one who is able to speak will also not suffice. This is because the mushrikoon (the people of shirk) used to know that he was Allaah’s Messenger, however, they obstinately refused just as He the Most High said:

We certainly know that that which they say grieves you (O Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam): however, they do not believe you to be a liar. But rather, the Dhaalimoon just outwardly reject the signs of Allaah. [6:33]

So in their hearts, they acknowledge his Messenger-ship and they know that he is indeed Allaah’s Messenger. However, they were prevented with haughtiness and obstinacy from affirming his Messenger-ship (upon their tongues).

Likewise, they were prevented by envy as is the case with the Jews and the Arab mushriks. Aboo Jahl ‘Amir bin Hishaam used to acknowledge and say: We and Banoo Haashim used to be equal in all matters. However, now they say: From us has come a Messenger and there is no Messenger from us. How could we bring out a Messenger?

So therefore, they deny his Messenger-ship out of envy towards Banoo Haashim [43]. Aboo Taalib said in his poem:

And I certainly know that the religion of Muhammad is the best of the religions of the people.
If it were not for the fear of being rebuked or abused. He would have found me clearly embracing that.

So, he acknowledged in his heart the Messenger-ship of Muhammad, however zealousness for his own people from the days of ignorance prevented him. So, he did not reject the religion of ‘Abdul-Muttalib which was the worship of idols. Therefore, they acknowledged his Prophet-hood in their hearts. But acknowledgement in the heart that he is the Messenger is not sufficient. Rather, it is essential that the person (also) states it with his tongue.

Then, it is not sufficient that a person states it upon his tongue and acknowledges it with his heart, rather a third matter is essential which is to follow the Messenger (sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam). Allaah the Most High said with regard to him:

So those who believe in him (Muhammad sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam), honor him, aid him, and follow the light which he was sent down with, they are the successful ones. [7:157]

Even if a person were to aid him to the extent that Aboo Taalib did, and defend him whilst knowing that he is Allaah’s Messenger, however he does not follow him, then he will not be a Muslim unless and until he follows him.

This is why the Shaykh (Muhammad bin ‘Abdul-Wahhaab) said: The meaning of the testification that ‘Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah’ is to obey him regarding whatever he commanded, to believe in his truthfulness with regard to whatever he informed of, and to avoid whatever forbade and prohibited, and that Allaah is not worshipped except with that which He legislated.

So there has to be, along with acknowledgement of his Messenger-ship outwardly, inwardly and in belief, there has to be following of him (sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam).
And that is summarized in these four phrases which the Shaykh (rahimahullaah) mentioned:

First: To obey him in whatever he commanded. Allaah the Majestic and Most High says:
Whoever obeys the Messenger has indeed obeyed Allaah. [4:80]

And He the Perfect says:

And We did not send a Messenger except that he should be obeyed by the Permission of Allaah. [4:64]

So He joined obedience to the Messenger along with obedience to Him, He the Perfect and Most High. And He joined disobedience to the Messenger to disobedience to Him:
And whoever disobeys Allaah and His Messenger, then there will be for him the Fire of Hell. They will remain forever in it. [22:23]

And He said:

And if you obey him, you will be rightly guided. [24:54]

And He said:

And obey the Messenger so that you may receive mercy. [24:56]

So it is essential to obey him (sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam). The person who bears witness that he is the Messenger of Allaah, then it becomes binding upon him to obey him regarding whatever he commanded. This is because of His saying He the Most High:

And whatever the Messenger gives you, then accept it. And whatever he forbids you from, then desist. [59:7]

And His saying:

So let those who oppose his command, beware lest a trial befall upon them or a painful punishment. [24:63]

Who oppose his command: Meaning: the command of the Messenger. So therefore, it is essential to obey the Messenger (sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam).

Second: Believing in the truth of whatever he informed of because the Messenger (sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam) informed of many matters of the hidden and the unseen. He informed about Allaah, the angels, and he informed about matters which are not present and matters of the future with regard to the establishment of the Hour, the signs of the Hour and Paradise and the Fire. And he informed about matters of the past with regard to the conditions of the previous nations. So it is essential to attest to the truth of whatever he informed of because it is true, there is no falsehood in it. He the Most High said:

He does not speak from his own desires, it is just revelation sent. [53:3-4]

The Messenger (sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam) did not speak with these reports or with these commands or prohibitions – he did not speak with anything from his own self (‘alaihisalaatuwassalaam). He only spoke through revelation from Allaah the Mighty and Majestic. So therefore, what he reported is true and whoever does not believe him with regard to which he informed of, then he is not a believer and he is not truthful in his testification that he is the Messenger of Allaah. How can a person testify that he is indeed the Messenger of Allaah and then disbelieve in what he narrates? How can he bear witness that he is Allaah’s Messenger and then not obey his command?!

Third: Avoiding whatever he forbade and prohibited. Keep away from whatever the Messenger (sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam) forbade. He forbade you from many sayings, actions, and characteristics and he (sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam) would not forbid anything at all unless it contained harm and evil. He would not command something except something containing good and righteousness. So if the servant does not avoid that which Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam) prohibited, then he is not truly bearing witness to his Messenger-ship. Rather, he is contradicting himself; how could he bear witness that he is Allaah’s Messenger and then not avoid that which the Messenger (sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam) forbade him from?

Allaah the Most High says:

And whatever the Messenger gives you, then accept it. And whatever he forbids you from, then desist. [59:7]

He, (sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam) said:

When I forbid you from something, then keep away from it. When I command you with a matter, then do from it what you are able to. [44]

So it is essential to avoid whatever he (sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam) forbade.

Fourth: Allaah is not to be worshipped except with that which he legislated. Restrict yourself in acts of worship to that which Allaah legislated for his Messenger (sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam). So do not perform an act of worship which the Messenger (sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam) did not legislate even if you are intending good and even if you are desiring reward, for this action will be a futile action because the Messenger (sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam) did not come with it. The intention will not suffice, rather there must be following.

So actions of worship are tawqeefiyyah (depend upon the text). It is not permissible to perform acts of worship which Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam) did not legislate. Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam) said:

Whoever does an action which our affair is not in accordance with, then it is rejected. [45]

And he (sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam) said:

Adhere to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the rightly-guided orthodox Caliphs who come after me. Adhere to it and cling unto it with your molar teeth. And beware of newly introduced matters, for every newly introduced matter is an innovation and every innovation is an astray. [46]

So performing an act of worship which was not legislated by Allaah’s Messenger is counted as an evil innovation which is prohibited, even if so-and-so or so-and-so holds it as his saying or if it is done by so-and-so from the people because it is something outside what the Messenger sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam came with, then it is innovation and misguidance. So therefore, Allaah may not be worshiped except with that which he legislated upon the tongue of His Messenger. And the newly-invented matters introduced in the religion and false superstitions are all false and futile actions. They will be a deficiency and a misguidance for the one who does it, even if he is intending good by it and intending to gain reward. This is since it is not the intended goals that are counted, rather what is counted is al-ittibaa’ (the following of the Messenger), obedience and compliance. And if we were free to do whatever we wish and to perform as many acts of worship as we want, then we would have not needed the sending of the Messenger (sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam).

Rather from the Mercy of Allaah upon us is that He did not leave us to our own intellects and He did not leave us to so-and-so and so-and-so from the people because these are matters which are referred back to the legislation, to Allaah and His Messenger. And nothing from them (i.e. acts of worship) will benefit except that which conforms to that which Allaah and His Messenger legislated. So this means avoiding all of the innovations, and whoever introduces any innovation in the religion which the Messenger (sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam) did not come with, then he has not truly borne witness that He is the Messenger of Allaah. He has not given the true testification because the one who testifies that he is indeed the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam) with a true testification will restrict himself to that which he legislated and he will not introduce anything from himself or follow anything which has been introduced by those who preceded him.

This is the meaning of the testification that ‘Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah.’ It is not just a few words which are said upon the tongue without adherence, without action and without restricting oneself to that which the Messenger (sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam) came with.

 

Footnotes:
[43] See ‘As-Seerah An-Nabawiyyah’ of Ibn Hishaam 1/201 – the story of when the Quraysh listened to the recitation of the Prophet sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam.

[44] Reported by Al-Bukhaaree (7288), Muslim (1337) from a hadeeth of Aboo Hurayrah (radiallaahu ‘anhu).

[45] Reported by Al-Bukhaaree (7350) and Muslim (1337) from the hadeeth of ‘Aai’shah (radiallaahu ‘anha)

[46] Reported by Aboo Daawood (4607), At-Tirmidhee (2676), Ibn Maajah (42, 43) and Ahmad (28/373) from the hadeeth of ‘Irbaad bin Saariyyah (radiallaahu ‘anhu).
Source: Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

 

Posted with the permission of Dawud Burbank (rahimahullaah) & Courtesy of ittibaa.com